« Pourquoi j’ai tué Gandhi »: Examen et critique de la défense de Nathuram Godse PDF

Jump to navigation Jump « Pourquoi j’ai tué Gandhi »: Examen et critique de la défense de Nathuram Godse PDF search « Gandhi assassination » redirects here. Gandhi had just walked up the low steps to the raised lawn behind Birla House where he conducted his multi-faith prayer meetings every evening. Godse stepped out from the crowd flanking the path leading to the dais and into Gandhi’s path, firing three bullets at point-blank range.

Personne nignore que Gandhi a t assassin, mais aucun dictionnaire ne donne le nom de son meurtrier.
Celui-ci se nommait Nathuram Godse et tait n en 1910. Aprs avoir tu Gandhi, le 30 janvier 1948, il se laissa arrter sans tenter de fuir, en raison, dira-t-il, de mon ardent dsir dexprimer devant un tribunal les motifs de mon acte. Ce quil fera lors de son procs, le 8 novembre 1948, avant dtre condamn la pendaison.
Longtemps interdit de publication en Inde, et finalement dit en 1977, le texte de la dfense de Godse est publi ici, sous forme de longs extraits, pour la premire fois en Occident.
Il permet de dcouvrir et la personnalit de Godse et les mobiles rels de son crime.
Koenraad Elst examine chacun des arguments de Godse dans leur contexte historique, sans parti-pris, et permet de juger de lexactitude, ou de la fausset, des accusations portes par Godse contre Gandhi.
Cet examen montre quaucun des deux hommes ntait ce que la lgende en a fait.

The Gandhi murder trial opened in May 1948 in Delhi’s historic Red Fort, with Godse the main defendant, and his collaborator Narayan Apte and six others as the co-defendants. He accused Gandhi of complacency towards Muslims, blamed him for the sufferings of Partition, and generally criticized his subjectivism and pretension to a monopoly of the truth. Godse blamed Gandhi for continuing to appease Muslims in such a manner « that my blood boiled and I could tolerate him no longer. The trial was rushed through, the haste sometimes attributed to the home minister Vallabhbhai Patel’s desire « to avoid scrutiny for the failure to prevent the assassination. In early September 1947, Gandhi had moved to Delhi to help stem the violent rioting there and in the neighboring province of East Punjab.

Nathuram Vinayak Godse, and his assassination accomplices, were residents of the Deccan region. Godse had previously led a civil disobedience movement against Osman Ali Khan, the Muslim ruler of the princely Deccan region dominion of Hyderabad State in British India. According to Arvind Sharma, the concrete plans to assassinate Gandhi were initiated by Godse and his accomplices in 1948, after India and Pakistan had already started a war over Kashmir. The government of India, led by Congress leaders, had withheld a payment to Pakistan in January 1948 because it did not want to finance Pakistan, which was at war with India at that time. January 1948 to pressure the Indian government to release the payment to Pakistan. The Indian government, yielding to Gandhi, reversed its decision. Godse and his colleagues interpreted this sequence of events to be a case of Gandhi controlling power and hurting India.

On the day Gandhi went on hunger strike, Godse and his colleagues began planning how to assassinate Gandhi. Nathuram Vinayak Godse and Narayan Apte purchased a Beretta M1934. Gandhi had initially been staying at the scheduled caste Balmiki Temple, near Gole Market in the northern part of New Delhi, and holding his prayer meetings there. According to Stanley Wolpert, Nathuram Godse and his colleagues followed Gandhi to a park where he was speaking. One of them threw a grenade away from the crowd. The loud explosion scared the crowd, creating a chaotic stampede of people. Gandhi was left alone on the speakers’ platform.

Gandhis who would later marry Gandhi’s nephew, Kanu Gandhi. They were walking with Gandhi when he was assassinated. Manuben to take care of herself since her health was not what it should be for an 18-year-old. Gandhi, aged 78, was weighed after his bath and was 109.

He then ate lunch with Pyarelalji discussing Noakhali riots. According to Manuben’s memoir the meeting between Sardar Dada and Gandhi went past the scheduled time and Gandhi was about ten minutes late to the prayer meeting. He began his walk to the prayer location by walking with Manuben to his right and Abha to his left, holding onto them as walking sticks. A crowd of people rushed towards them, according to Manuben.