Jump to deschodt eric – Attila PDF Jump to search « Atilla » and « Attila the Hun » redirect here. No known image of Attila exists from life.
Above is a likeness by artist and historian George S. Stuart created from his physical description mentioned in historical records. Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. During his reign, he was one of the most feared enemies of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires. He crossed the Danube twice and plundered the Balkans, but was unable to take Constantinople. He subsequently invaded Italy, devastating the northern provinces, but was unable to take Rome.
He planned for further campaigns against the Romans, but died in 453. Figure of Attila in a museum in Hungary. There is no surviving first-hand account of Attila’s appearance, but there is a possible second-hand source provided by Jordanes, who cites a description given by Priscus. He was a man born into the world to shake the nations, the scourge of all lands, who in some way terrified all mankind by the dreadful rumors noised abroad concerning him. He was haughty in his walk, rolling his eyes hither and thither, so that the power of his proud spirit appeared in the movement of his body. Some scholars have suggested that this description is typically East Asian, because it has all the combined features that fit the physical type of people from Eastern Asia, and Attila’s ancestors may have come from there.
Other historians also believed that the same descriptions were also evident on some Scythian people. Attila is formed from the Gothic or Gepidic noun atta, « father », by means of the diminutive suffix -ila, meaning « little father ». The Gothic etymology was first proposed by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in the early 19th century. Gerhard Doerfer notes that the name is simply correct Gothic. The name has sometimes been interpreted as a Germanization of a name of Hunnic origin.
Other scholars have argued for a Turkic origin of the name. Mikkola’s as « too farfetched to be taken seriously ». Snædal similarly notes that none of these proposals has achieved wide acceptance. Criticizing the proposals of finding Turkic or other etymologies for Attila, Doerfer notes that King George VI of England had a name of Greek origin, and Süleyman the Magnificent had a name of Arabic origin, yet that does not make them Greeks or Arabs: it is therefore plausible that Attila would have a name not of Hunnic origin.